A number of conditions can be associated with generalized aches and pain, such as influenza, that are perceived to be muscle pain. Muscle pain can be localized to one muscle group or diffuse, involving multiple muscle groups.
Muscle pain due to injury or overuse is most commonly localized to one area. Depending upon the cause,
muscle pain can be mild or severe and debilitating. Muscle pain is the hallmark symptom of some chronic conditions like fibromyalgia. Related symptoms that can occur with muscle pain are
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Swelling, bruising, or redness due to injury
Pain at rest
Inability to use the muscle at all
Weakness of muscles and tendons
An effective clinical examination can differentiate between muscle insufficiency, i.e. muscles that are too weak, and muscular imbalance.
Muscular imbalance means that a pattern develops where some muscles become tense and shorter over time, while their opposing muscles, called antagonists, become weak.
In most cases, muscle pain can be treated very effectively by a combination of manual therapy and active training of the affected muscles.
Because these muscle patterns have been ‘learned’ and engraved over time, it is important in therapy and in training to re-train these patterns and restore a normal natural muscular balance.